šŸ‘‹ hi, Iā€™m basile

Some declarative, React-like logic for your Observable/d3 toolkit

Earlier this week, as I was looking into idiomatic ways of updating a chart, I came across Kaho Cheung’s d3-render – and boy did I get excited.

d3-render packages up a bunch of d3 commands in a declarative shell, inspired by a eather functional and reactive approach. @unkleho has got a lovely tutorial introducing the library, but here’s another one from yours truly anyway.


Implementation

It’s going to work this way:

Our components obviously need to be defined and crafted, but we do so at a higher, more declarative level, while d3-render looks after the update pattern and the details.

“Our chart is just an SVG with a timer which calls…”

chart = {
  const svg = d3.create("svg").attr("viewBox", [0, 0, width, height]);

  let i = 0;
  while (true) {
    await Promises.tick(900);
    yield svg.node();
    drawData(
      svg,
      data.map(e => ({ ...e, value: Math.random() * e.value }))
    );
  }

  return svg.node();
}

“A draw function that maps over data to render…”

drawData = (selection, data) => {
  const root = pack(data);

  const arrayOfBubbles = root
    .descendants()
    .filter(d => d.depth > 0)
    .map((e, i) => {
      const { x, y, r } = e;
      return CircleComponent({
        key: e.data.title,
        cx: x,
        cy: y,
        r: r,
        fill: e.data.group
      });
    });
  render(selection, arrayOfBubbles);
}

“A component-like DOM element for each map item”

CircleComponent = ({ key, r, fill, cx, cy }) => ({
  append: 'circle',
  key,
  r,
  fill,
  cx,
  cy,
  fill: color(fill),
  duration: 1000,
  delay: Math.random() * 50
})

Background

The General Update Pattern is a commonly-referred to implementation of d3’s updating and reactive abilities.

In Observable world, it’s Michael Freeman’s implementation of the new d3 .join() that I was referred to. Here’s what the same chart would have looked like in this world – and bear in mind that you’d have to write a lot of this imperative code for each group of elements in a more complex chart.

oldchart = {
  const svg = d3.create("svg").attr("viewBox", [0, 0, width, height]);

  svg.node().drawData = function(data) {
    const root = pack(data);

    const circles = svg
      .selectAll('circle')
      .data(root.descendants().filter(d => d.depth > 0));

    circles.join(
      enter =>
        enter
          .append('circle')
          .attr('cx', d => d.x)
          .attr('cy', d => d.y)
          .attr('fill', d => color(d.data.group))
          .attr('r', d => d.r),
      update =>
        update
          .transition()
          .duration(1000)
          .delay(Math.random() * 50)
          .attr('cx', d => d.x)
          .attr('cy', d => d.y)
          .attr('fill', d => color(d.data.group))
          .attr('r', d => d.r)
    );
  };

  return svg.node();
}
{
  let i = 0;
  while (true) {
    await Promises.tick(900);
    i++;
    oldchart.drawData(
      data.map(e => ({ ...e, value: Math.random() * e.value }))
    );

    yield oldchart.nodeName;
  }
}

#observable #d3